Sensory Taekwon-Do Resources

Alison Rebels, MS, OTR/L


1. Parental attitude of children with developmental disabilities toward the value of taekwondo practice. (2005). Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76(1), 1. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.bu.edu/docview/218547005?accountid=9676

The purpose of this study was to investigate parents’ attitude toward the value of Taekwondo practice for children with disabilities in Scoul, Korea. Parental attitude toward the value of Taekwondo practice for children with developmental disabilities were generally positive. The cognitive (intellectual skills) and affective (feeling, opinions, attitudes, and beliefs) value were highly recognized.

2. Kim, Y., Todd, T., Fujii, T., Lim, J.-C., Vrongistinos, K., & Jung, T. (2016). Effects of Taekwondo intervention on balance in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 12(4), 314–319.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week Taekwondo (TKD) intervention on balance in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). When compared to the control group, intervention participants showed balance improvement during single leg stance under eyes-open and eyes-closed condition, as well as double leg stance under unstable surface with eyes-closed condition. Children with ASD also showed a high rate of adherence (92%) to the Taekwondo training. Together with findings, this suggests that Taekwondo is a fun, motivating, and effective treatment option to improve balance in children with ASD.

3. Kim, Y.J., Cha, E.J., Kim, S.M., Kang, K.D., & Han, D.H. (2015). The effects of Taekwondo training on brain connectivity and body intelligence. Psychiatry Investigation, 12(3), 335-340.

The purpose of this study was to assess body intelligence (perception and control), as well as brain connectivity, in children with Taekwondo training as compared to children without Taekwondo training. Body intelligence and connectivity were assessed using the Body Intelligence Scale (BIS), self-report, and magnetic resonance imagining (MRI). Findings revealed that children with Taekwondo training demonstrated significantly higher body intelligence and brain connectivity from the cerebellum to the parietal and frontal cortex

4. Cho, S. Y., Kim, Y. I., Roh, H. T. (2017). Effects of taekwondo intervention on cognitive function and academic self-efficacy in children. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 29(4), 713-715.

The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of Taekwondo training on cognitive function and academic self-efficacy in children. When compared to the control group, children participating in TKD training (5 times per week for 16 weeks) demonstrated significant improvements in scores of cognitive function and academic self- efficacy (self-confidence, self-regulatory skills, and task difficulty preference).

5. Fong, S., Fu, S., Ng, G. (2012). Taekwondo training speeds up the development of balance and sensory functions in young adolescents. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, (15), 64-68.

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of Taekwondo (TKD) training on the development of balance and sensory systems in young adolescents. Participants included adolescents who practice TKD, adolescents who do not practice TKD, and adults. Findings reveal that adolescents who practice TKD demonstrate postural control and vestibular function closer to the maturity level of adult participants. This study suggests that TKD exercise may be used as a therapeutic intervention for young individuals with balance or vestibular dysfunction.

6. Fong, S., Tsang, W., Ng, G. (2011). Taekwondo training improves sensory organization and balance control in children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Research in Developmental Disabilities, (33), 85-95.

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a three-month Taekwondo (TKD) training program on the sensory organization and standing balance of children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Findings reveal that children with DCD who practice TKD demonstrated improvements in sensory organization and standing balance. This study suggests that TKD exercise may be used as a therapeutic intervention for children with DCD.